Venture Mixed Copper PCB
Venture Electronics is a leading Mixed Copper PCB manufacturer and supplier in China. We have profound experience in producing high-quality Mixed Copper PCB.
We are experts in this industry for more than 10 years, we are committed to providing the most promising quality product and outstanding services to all customers.
Our wide range of Venture Mixed Copper PCB can satisfy your needs and project requirements.
Venture - Your #1 Mixed Copper PCB Supplier in China
Venture mixed copper PCB designed specifically to facilitate and support the connection of electronic components. They serve as a conductive foundation of electronic gadgets and devices popular today.
Using mixed copper in manufacturing PCB is a popular choice you must consider. It is highly conductive which can easily transmit signals without losing electricity along the way. The copper is what gives the PCB its great high performance. The copper makes PCB surface rough and when the copper is combined with the dielectric material.
Here in Venture, you can find and get high-quality Mixed Copper PCB. All products are cost-effective and surely satisfy your business. It has so many advantages including robustness, faster easy installation, friendly environment, and greater reliability.
Our series of Venture Mixed Copper PCB products are widely used in industrial control, home appliances, communications, medical, and other industrial and commercial purposes.
Based on your requirements, Venture Electronics is always ready to custom your Mixed Copper PCB. We can manufacture Venture Mixed Copper PCB with various designs, the basis of frequency, number of layers, a substrate used, thickness, and weight. Just send your request and we will handle the process.
Venture Electronics is one of the trusted and experienced manufacturers and suppliers of various types of PCBs in China. For more than 10 years, the company has consistently provided customers with high-quality circuit boards with excellent speed and great performance.
Whether you need Single Sided PCB, Multi-layer PCB, High-Frequency PCB, Rigid-Flex-PCB, Venture is your one-stop-shop provider that can fulfill your durable PCB needs. We will make your ideas a reality from PCD design and layout, PCB fabrication, and assembly. We offer fabrication services for a wide variety of PCBs available for unique applications.
With abundant technical force, advanced production equipment, rich management experience, comprehensive management, and after-sales service, Venture guarantee 100% quality products and satisfaction!
For more information about the mixed copper PCB product we offer, please contact us immediately!
Mixed Copper PCB: The Ultimate FAQ Guide
Probably, you have any questions about mixed copper PCB.
A reason this guide explores everything you need to know about mixed copper PCB – from features, material type, applications to surface finish options, just to mention a few.
Lesen Sie weiter, um mehr zu erfahren.
- Why Will You Use Copper In Mixed Copper PCB?
- What Are The Types Of Mixed Copper PCB?
- Which Copper Is Suitable For Use When Making Mixed Copper PCB?
- How Will You Design A Mixed Copper PCB?
- How Can You Ensure You Achieve Proper Copper Balance When Designing Mixed Copper PCB?
- What Software Can You Use When Making A Mixed Copper PCB?
- What Mechanical Alignment Problems May Happen When You Have An Uneven Mixed Copper Distribution On Your PCB?
- What Are Some Surface Finishes You Can Use On A Mixed Copper PCB?
- What Are Some Benefits Of Using Heavy Copper When Making Mixed Copper PCBs?
- What Are The Uses Of Mixed Copper PCBs?
- How Can You Eliminate Unwanted Copper From Mixed Copper PCB During The Fabrication Process?
- What Issues May Cause A Mixed Copper PCB To Fail?
- Should Mixed Copper PCBs Comply With International Quality Standards?
- How Can You Conduct Silkscreen Printing On Mixed Copper PCBs?
- Which Processes Can You Use To Place Electrical Components On Mixed Copper PCB?
- What Will Influence The Price Of Mixed Copper PCB?
- How Will You Ensure Mixed Copper PCBs Are Of Good Quality?
- What Are Some Electrical Properties Of A Mixed Copper PCB?
- Can You Find Mixed Copper PCBs In Different Colors?
Why Will You Use Copper In Mixed Copper PCB?
Mixed copper PCBs find their application in several electronic devices, and ensure they remain functional.
This makes them an important part of electronic devices since they are also durable and compact and ensure proper signal transfer.
Mixed copper PCBs contain several layers but one vital element you use when fabricating these boards is copper.
Mixed copper PCB
Here are some reasons why copper is suitable when making mixed copper PCBs:
Copper material is a good conductor of electricity and heat thereby improving the transfer of heat within the mixed copper PCB.
Otherwise, such stress can cause micro-fracturing thus resulting in the board failing.
The suitable electrical conductivity will enhance signal transmission without any loss in electricity.
Mixed copper PCB manufacturers need to use a small amount of copper as it is a suitable conductor.
This means that you can use a small quantity of copper and achieve the desired result.
Copper has a suitable thermal resistance and current-carrying capabilities thereby enhancing the reliability of electronics.
Besides, this resistance makes it functional even in harsh weather situations such as high temperatures.
This will also enhance plated thru-hole and contact point’s mechanical resistance.
Since copper is efficient at transferring heat, you can directly install heat sinks on the surface of mixed copper PCBs.
Also, you can construct one part with heat-producing power parts and the other side with copper which will act as heat sinks.
Both scenarios allow you to lower the assembly of electronic devices, and in turn, lower the fabrication prices.
What Are The Types Of Mixed Copper PCB?
The examples of mixed copper PCBs present in the market today include the following:
Single-sided Mixed Copper PCB
This version contains one substrate layer and the mixed copper will shield one face of the substrate.
Single-sided mixed copper PCB has one side containing the electrical parts and the other side has the circuitry.
Furthermore, single-sided mixed copper PCBs are cost-effective for all types of mixed copper PCBs.
Single-sided mixed copper PCB
Double-sided Mixed Copper PCB
This version has two substrate layers, unlike single-sided mixed copper PCB.
These two substrate layers have conductive coats of metal layers with the components attached to both sides.
Besides, double-sided mixed copper PCB is used more than single-sided mixed copper PCB.
Holes within double-sided mixed copper PCB operate by connecting one side of the board to the other.
Furthermore, you can use either surface-mount technology or thru-hole technology to perform this task.
Double-sided mixed copper PCB
Oberflächenmontagetechnologie allows you to attach components directly to the surface of the mixed copper PCB.
This type uses no wires and saves space.
Thru-Hole-Technologie entails using wires to connect components on the board after passing them via pre-drilled holes.
Multilayer Mixed Copper PCB
This is a version of mixed copper PCB that contains 3 or more layers in its construction.
Besides, they will perform more operations as opposed to the double-sided mixed copper PCB.
Multilayer mixed copper PCB has several substrate materials which are separated with insulating substances.
In terms of available space that you can save, multilayer mixed copper PCB can save more space than double-sided mixed copper PCB.
multilayer mixed copper PCB
It is possible to find multilayer mixed copper PCB with 10 or more layers.
Rigid Mixed Copper PCB
This form of mixed copper PCB cannot bend or fold as it has a rigid structure.
The material that you will use when fabricating this PCB is fiberglass.
Rigid mixed copper PCB
Flexible Mixed Copper PCB
The substrate material you will use in this version of mixed copper PCB is flexible.
This means you can bend or fold this board allowing it to fit in various places within electronic devices.
flexible mixed copper PCB
Besides, they have several benefits over the rigid mixed copper PCB and will cost less.
Rigid-flex Mixed Copper PCB
This version contains both the characteristics of a rigid and flexible mixed copper PCB.
Besides, with this version, you can mount the rigid part of the board to the flexible portion.
rigid flex mixed copper PCB
This feature proves to be challenging with other types of mixed copper PCBs.
Which Copper Is Suitable For Use When Making Mixed Copper PCB?
Signals will travel via the copper pathways within a mixed copper PCB.
Furthermore, other design factors are important when it comes to relaying these signals.
For this reason, it is important not to overlook any of these elements.
One important element is the quality and the type of copper you will use and how it will adhere to the dielectric layer of the PCB.
There are two types of copper foils that you will use when manufacturing mixed copper PCBs.
These are electrodeposited copper [ED] and rolled-annealed [RA] copper.
The fabrication of rolled-annealed copper begins by passing ingots of pure copper via several rolling methods.
This will produce a suitable copper foil thickness for your application.
When fabricating electrodeposited copper, you will plate copper within a drum.
The rotational speed of these drums will determine the thickness of the copper foil.
This means it will take much time when you prefer to make thicker copper foils.
The side contacting the drum is smooth while the opposite side is rough.
Besides, the etching process happens differently since both of these copper have varying grain structures.
Here are some other comparison features of these two types of copper:
Electrodeposited copper has a red appearance while rolled annealed copper has a yellowish appearance.
The surface that faces the solution of electrodeposited copper is rougher.
However, both surfaces of rolled annealed copper are almost equal and are much smoother than that of electrodeposited copper.
Electrodeposited copper is very robust mechanically.
Besides, ED copper may experience thermal stress cracks within narrower conductors due to a faster thermal cycling process.
Furthermore, ED copper exhibits a higher tensile strength and elongation before it begins to break.
Also, as the roughness of ED copper increases, there will be an increase in conductor loss, thereby negatively affecting insertion loss.
However, with rolled annealed copper, it will exhibit higher resistance to cracking conductors originating from thermal stress.
This proves to be paramount in areas where thermal shock is a concern.
Besides, RA copper has a better elastic elongation before it reaches permanent deformation.
It will also enhance the definition of etches in high-frequency and fine circuits.
Electrodeposited copper is suitable for use in areas where mechanical stress is an important factor.
Rolled annealed copper is suitable for high-frequency usage.
How Will You Design A Mixed Copper PCB?
In this modern age, there are various design approaches when dealing with mixed copper PCBs.
This means a manufacturer may decide to use a method that another manufacturer may fail to use.
Here are some important stages you will use when designing mixed copper PCBs:
Using A Software
This entails using design software to make schematics of the mixed copper PCB.
There are different types of design software out there for you to use, and some of them include eagle, CAD, etc.
After finalizing the mixed copper PCB layout design, you will generate the film.
Selecting Raw Materials
Affordable mixed copper PCBs use paper phenolic which you will bond with copper foil for use in simple electronic devices.
Besides, the thickness of copper-clad laminate has a value of roughly 0.059 with double-sided or single-sided PCB.
This entails using drill bits and a machine to make holes on the mixed copper PCB.
Besides, you can use either a hand machine or a CNC machine.
Hand machines are manual while CNC machines are automatic and will perform the task once you set the correct drilling parameters.
One of the best ways you can use when printing layouts on the mixed copper PCB is using laser printers.
The steps you will conduct here entail:
- Placing a layer of clean copper on printers
- Storing the design layout film on the computer
- Using the laser printer to make the prints from the design
Etching And Stripping
Here, you will use various chemical substances to remove surplus or unwanted copper from the mixed copper PCB.
After completing the above stages, you need to test the functionality of the mixed copper PCB.
There are different ways to conduct these tests, such as automated optical inspection, X-ray inspection, etc.
How Can You Ensure You Achieve Proper Copper Balance When Designing Mixed Copper PCB?
When conducting design stack-up, it is recommended to place the center layer with the maximum thickness of copper.
Thereafter, continue balancing the other layers until they match their mirror opposite layer.
This action is suitable as it will allow you to eliminate the potato-chip effect.
When the mixed copper PCB contains wide areas of copper, it is advisable not to design them as solid planes but as frames.
This assists with eliminating mismatches of copper density within that layer.
Also, it will greatly minimize issues with twists and bows.
Besides, ensure you symmetrically place the power planes during stack-up.
Furthermore, ensure to use an equal quantity of copper weight in every power plane.
Copper balance is vital to signal/power planes, core, and prepreg layers within the mixed copper PCB.
When copper is in uniform proportion within these layers, you will maintain the whole copper balance within the mixed copper PCB.
To balance out an excessive amount of copper in a certain area, fill the symmetrically opposite area with grids of copper.
Besides, the tiny copper grids do not connect to nets thereby will not interfere with the functionality.
Also, ensure that PCB impedance or signal integrity experiences no impact when you conduct this copper balancing method.
What Software Can You Use When Making A Mixed Copper PCB?
A mixed copper PCB design software allows you to bring the board into the physical space.
It allows you to combine the placement of components and routing that ensures you achieve electrical conductivity.
Einige der PCB-Design-Software you can use for this purpose entail the following:
- Altium Designer 17
- KI Cad EDA
- Circuit Studio
What Mechanical Alignment Problems May Happen When You Have An Uneven Mixed Copper Distribution On Your PCB?
The existence of uneven copper distribution during mixed copper PCB fabrication can result in the following:
This occurs when the mixed copper PCB experiences cylindrical or spherical curvatures while all four corners retain their plane.
This happens when there is an unintended alteration in the shape of the mixed copper PCB.
When the manufacturing process has high pressure and temperature levels, it can cause the mixed copper PCB to warp.
Warping is also known as the potato chip effect within the fabrication of printed circuit boards.
This happens when one corner, not within the same plane as the other three, experiences a vertical displacement.
When warping occurs, the solder joints and traces experience stress which will damage the mixed copper PCB.
What Are Some Surface Finishes You Can Use On A Mixed Copper PCB?
Surface finishes on mixed copper PCB not only enhance the aesthetics but also protect the elements on it.
The surface finish is intermetallic joints that sit between the solderable portion of bare copper and electronic components of PCBs.
Some of the surface finish you can use include the following:
This non-electrolytic chemical surface finish entails immersing mixed copper PCB in silver ion solution.
Die Vorteile umfassen:
- The surface is more even than HASL
- Affordable than ENIG
- Durability equals HASL
- Environmentally friendly than HASL/ENIG
Die Nachteile sind:
- Improper handling can cause tarnishes
- Soldering should happen within the same day after removing from the storage
This is a metallic finish you will deposit using chemical reaction displacement after placing it on copper.
The benefits of immersion tin are:
- Lacks lead
- Produces flat surfaces
Die Nachteile sind:
- Measuring thickness is difficult
- Exposed tin can corrode
- Can cause handling damages
- Forms tin whiskers
- The technique uses carcinogens
This is a common surface finish within the PCB world.
Some benefits of HASL include:
- Weit verbreitet
- Beeindruckende Haltbarkeit
Einige der Einschränkungen umfassen:
- Unebene Oberfläche
- Not suitable for fine pitch
- Plugged plated thru-holes
- Contain lead element
Organic Solderability Preservative [OSP]
This entails applying a thin protective layer over copper using a conveyorized technique.
Die Vorteile umfassen:
- Produces flat surfaces
- Has no lead component
Zu den Einschränkungen zählen:
- Impossible to measure the thickness
- Possibility of causing ICT problems
- Not suitable for PTH
- Requires sensitive handling
Chemisches Nickel-Immersions-Gold [ENIG]
This finish contains double layers of a metallic coat of gold over nickel.
The benefits of ENIG are that it ensures surfaces are flat, durable, has no lead component, and is suitable for plated thru-holes.
Einige Einschränkungen umfassen:
- Complex technique
- It is not re-workable
- Can experience damage from ET
Chemisches Nickel Chemisches Palladium Immersionsgold [ENEPIG]
This is a triple metallic layer coating of gold, palladium, and nickel.
Die Vorteile umfassen:
- Produces extremely flat finish
- No risk of corrosion
- Solder joints are excellent
- No lead component
The demerits entail:
- Limits during processing
- Limitations regarding re-working
This has a gold-plated layer over the nickel barrier coat.
The benefits are that it has no lead and is durable.
Einige Einschränkungen umfassen:
- Entails use of resist
- Plating is necessary
What Are Some Benefits Of Using Heavy Copper When Making Mixed Copper PCBs?
Einige der Vorteile umfassen:
- More strength to thermal strains
- Available high-power-density transformer planar
- Enhanced mechanical strength in plated thru-holes and site connectors
- Use special materials to full capacity with no failure of the circuit
- A high current carrying capability
- Minimized size of the products due to incorporation of mixed copper within similar circuitry layers
- On-board directly plated heatsinks on the surface of mixed copper PCBs using copper planes
What Are The Uses Of Mixed Copper PCBs?
Mixed copper PCBs find their application in the following areas:
- Central power units
- Power amplifier systems
- Heat dissipation devices
- Electronic power devices
- Power distribution panels
- Solar boards
- High-power distribution systems
- Radar system power supplies
- Weapon control units
- Automotive power distribution units
- Battery charger units
How Can You Eliminate Unwanted Copper From Mixed Copper PCB During The Fabrication Process?
When making mixed copper PCB, you will attach a sheet of the copper substrate to the board.
Manufactures then form circuits by eliminating copper and leaving behind copper traces.
This is known as the subtractive technique, and there are additive methods that exist for multilayer mixed copper PCBs.
There are various types of subtractive techniques you can use when creating mixed copper PCBs.
Dazu gehören folgende:
What Issues May Cause A Mixed Copper PCB To Fail?
Some of these issues, which you can resolve, include the following:
- Ausgehungerte Thermik
- Pads with gaps
- Bad annular rings
Should Mixed Copper PCBs Comply With International Quality Standards?
Yes, these standards ensure that the board is safe for use and meets the required standards.
Zu diesen Standards gehören:
- ISO 9001:2008
How Can You Conduct Silkscreen Printing On Mixed Copper PCBs?
Yes, some silkscreen printing methods you can apply entail the following:
- Liquid Photo Imaging [LPI]
- Manueller Siebdruck
- Direkter Legendendruck [DLP]
Which Processes Can You Use To Place Electrical Components On Mixed Copper PCB?
The processes you can use include the following:
This method entails inserting the lead of electronic parts in pre-drilled holes within the mixed copper PCB.
Afterward, you will solder the lead on pads using a soldering iron or wave soldering technique.
This method entails using an automatic machine to precisely place electrical components on the surface of the mixed copper PCB.
What Will Influence The Price Of Mixed Copper PCB?
The materials you use when fabricating PCBs will affect their price.
Some factors that will influence the material for your application include:
- Die Wärmeübertragung
- Thermische Zuverlässigkeit
- Performance of signal
- Mechanische Eigenschaften
Smaller PCBs need fewer parts thus the production cost will be low compared to larger PCBs needing more parts.
Multilayer mixed copper PCBs cost more than single or double-sided mixed copper PCBs.
High-grade and durable surface finishes will increase the production cost of the PCB.
- Größe des Lochs
Drilling more holes in the PCB requires more work, especially if it is challenging, and will cost you more.
A thick PCB fetches a high price than thinner versions.
If you need manufacturers to include special features, you will end up spending more.
How Will You Ensure Mixed Copper PCBs Are Of Good Quality?
There are various testing methods that you can apply to ensure mixed copper PCBs are of good quality.
Some of the main testing techniques include the following:
- In-circuit testing [ICT]
- Automatisierte optische Inspektion [AOI]
What Are Some Electrical Properties Of A Mixed Copper PCB?
- Relative Permittivität
- Elektrische Stärke
Can You Find Mixed Copper PCBs In Different Colors?
Yes, they are available in several colors such as:
For all your mixed copper PCBs, Kontaktieren Sie uns jetzt.